1st technique of knife fighting techniques

Technique number one of how to fight with  knife weapon by  Robert Safreed
from (The Knife Fighting Tactics of the US Marine Corps: Grips, Stances and Targets)

Therefore, it is necessary to select a simple, strong grip which can be used in any situation. Close-combat instructors generally teach four methods of grip- ping a knife:
Reverse grip. Some instructors advocate the use of the "reverse" grip, with the knife held along the wrist. However, Advincula claims this method limits your techniques and only allows for slashing maneuvers, which are usually ineffective in a close-combat situation because the blade doesn't penetrate the target or generate much power.
Fencer's grip. Most instructors teach the “fencer's” grip, in which the knife handle is gripped firmly between the thumb and forefinger, with the other fingers wrapped loosely around the handle. While this grip may be suitable for small knives like a stiletto, it isn't suitable for blades with large grips. If your hand is hit during combat while employing the fencer's grip, you can lose your grasp on the weapon.

Ice-pick grip. The "ice-pick" grip enables deep penetration against soft body armor, heavy clothing, or other protective outfits.. To achieve this grip, simply hold the knife handle in a fist, with the blade pointing down. There are drawbacks to this grip, however. When raising the knife for a downward strike, you not only telegraph your intentions and expose your chest area, but you also make it easy for your opponent to see the weapon. Moreover, the ice-pick grip does not provide parrying or thrusting capability, and it is easier for the opponent to block a knife strike delivered in this manner.
Hammer grip. The hammer grip is preferred over all others. A knife held in this fashion is less likely to be
knocked from your grasp, and can also be used in conjunction with a punch or to deliver butt-end knife
strikes. A hammer grip is achieved by grasping the knife at the handle and forming a tight fist. Keep the
wrist flexible, as if using a hammer or hatchet. This enables you to lock the wrist tightly when needed.
The hammer grip provides great penetration and power, allowing the blade to easily cut through
heavy clothing. There is also less likelihood of injury to the user's thumb, unlike with the fencer's
grip. The hammer grip can be used for chopping, slashing, and especially thrusting techniques.
After achieving an effective grip, the knife fighter must
assume an appropriate combat stance. Advincula teaches
Marines to fight from a basic "triangle" stance. Also known
as the "fencer's" stance, the triangle posture allows the knife
fighter to move in any direction at a moment's notice. This
stance also allows the practitioner maximum reach because
his knife is held in the hand nearest to the enemy.
Advincula teaches students to "hide" behind their knife; in
other words, keep the weapon between them and the
opponent. By keeping the knife pointed toward the enemy,
you can attack and/or block or parry any thrusts by the
opponent. You can also pull the weapon close to your body,
leaving your free hand to protect against an opponent's
grabbing technique.
Shield Hand
The knife fighter's free hand should be held close to the heart or solar plexus to protect vital
areas such as the heart and throat. Should the enemy's blade get through your defenses, your free
hand will hopefully absorb the blade ra- ther than one of your vital organs. This technique is
taken from Filipino escrima, in which the hand is used as a shield and is sacrificed, if necessary.
According to Advincula, the escrimador's credo is: "You can cut my hand, but I will take your
The knife fighter's "shield hand" can also be used to parry, punch, fake a blow, throw objects,
distract the opponent, or assist balance in rough terrain. Marines are even taught to grab the
opponent's blade, if necessary. It should be noted that your hand can't be cut unless the enemy is
able to draw his blade. By grabbing and attacking the opponent, you can prevent him from
drawing the weapon and cutting your hand.
Attacking the right targets is a key to effective knife fighting. The objective is to neutralize the
enemy as quickly as possible, but this does not mean always attempting to strike vital points.
Jim Advincula (left) demonstrates the
"triangle" stance, with his knife to the
front and shield hand covering his chest.
This is the preferred knife-fighting
stance. Standing with the free hand
forward (center) rather than the knife
hand, or using a reverse grip (right) is
not recommended.

Since the enemy will generally be defending his vital points, you should seek the most available target, be it the solar plexus, back, neck, stomach, etc. Drawing first blood is a tremendous psychological advantage. The more you strike your opponent- regardless of where you hit him- the more he will bleed and weaken.

Jim Advincula (left) demonstrates the
"triangle" stance, with his knife to the
front and shield hand covering his chest.
This is the preferred knife-fighting
stance. Standing with the free hand
forward (center) rather than the knife
hand, or using a reverse grip (right) is
not recommended.

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